History of Mesa

The Rich History of Mesa

The city of Mesa has a very rich history dating back to pre-pioneer days. The first inhabitants in the city of Mesa were the Hohokam Indians who settled there nearly 2,000 years ago. These Native American people worked as farmers and canal builders. The Hohokam lived in huge communities comprised of up to 500 people.

Come the late 19th century, the U.S. army subdued the Apache Indians who were living in the area, making way for settlement in the city. In March 1877, a settlement expedition was led by Daniel Webster Jones after being requested by Mormon officials to organize people that would eventually establish settlements in Arizona. In July 1878, Mesa was officially registered as a one square mile town site with a population of around 300 inhabitants. The following year in 1879, the first public school was constructed. To this day, there is a very large Mormon population in the city.

Mesa's population began to explode in 1940 and this growth was attributed to the opening up of Falcon Field and Williams Field airports. This is also the same period when military personnel began to move into the area. Between the 1950s and 1960s tourism started to boom and industries such as utilities, cotton and aerospace companies began to call the area home.

The City is home to several historic buildings. There is the Sirrine House, constructed in 1895. This particular building was constructed using attractive brick structure. There is also the Mesa Historical Museum that was initially developed as a school back in 1913, before eventually being converted into a museum. Other historic buildings include the Vance Auditorium, The Starlite Motel (featuring the iconic ‘Diving Lady’ neon sign) and the Buckhorn Baths, which used to host in professional baseball players who traveled to Mesa for spring training.

The city boasts mild winters and for that reason, many visitors live in Mesa at a time when the East Coast and Midwest are up to their eyeballs in snow. The robust economic conditions continue to attract more visitors, and as a result of the rapid economic growth, it is today the second largest city in Arizona, and the 46th largest in the United States. Other information about the city, including a comprehensive business guide can be found at www.mesa.com.